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Mar 23, 2007

Nelumbo Nucifera - Lotus


This is my contribution to Flower Fest A to Z for the letter N.

When I discovered that Lotus's botanical name starts with the letter N, just took my sketch book and started sketching the Lotus my way. I hope it looks like the flower Lotus. It's just a fantasy drawing, and I don't think the leaves look the way I have drawn. Tried my best to make the picture look symmetrical.


Nelumbo nucifera
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Nelumbo nucifera flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Plantae
Phylum:
Magnoliophyta
Class:
Magnoliopsida
Order:
Proteales
Family:
Nelumbonaceae
Genus:
Nelumbo
Species:
N. nucifera



Binomial name
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

Nelumbo nucifera is known by a number of common names, including blue lotus, Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, and sacred water-lily. Botanically, Nelumbo nucifera (Gaertn.) may also be referred to by its former names, Nelumbium speciosum (Wild.) or Nymphaea nelumbo. This plant is an aquatic perennial, but if its seeds are preserved under favorable circumstances, they may remain viable for many years.


In ancient Egypt, Nelumbo nucifera was unknown, being introduced only at the time of the Persian invasions, late in ancient Egyptian history. The ancient Egyptians venerated the blue water-lily, Nymphaea caerulea, which was sometimes known as the "blue lotus" or "sacred lotus".

N. nucifera was native to a huge area from modern Vietnam to Afghanistan, being spread widely as an ornamental and food plant. In 1787 it was first brought into horticulture in Western Europe as a stove-house water-lily under the patronage of Sir Joseph Banks and can be seen in modern botanical garden collections where heating is provided. Today it is rare or extinct in the wild in Africa but widely naturalized in southern Asia and Australia, where it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. It is the National Flower of India.

2 COMMENTS:

Manisha said...

Mythreyee, this is beautiful! You should frame it!

Mythreyee said...

Thanks Manisha.

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